Learn about the most popular procedures on Yes Doctor.
As the name suggests, ‘derm’ means ‘skin’ and ‘abrasion’ means ‘the action of scraping something off’. Dermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure that involves surgical scraping of the top layer of skin to improve the appearance of scars, fine lines, and wrinkles. It uses a rotating wire brush or diamond-tipped wand to abrade the skin's surface physically. The procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia and can cause temporary redness and swelling. The skin will take several weeks to heal, and keeping the area clean and moisturized is important. Sometimes, a follow-up treatment may be necessary to achieve the desired results. Dermabrasion can provide noticeable improvement in the appearance of certain skin conditions. However, it may not suit all skin types or individuals with certain medical conditions.
Cheek augmentation, also known as malar or cheek enhancement, is a cosmetic procedure aimed at enhancing the shape, size, and definition of the cheeks. Few people have their cheeks sagging or losing volume due to age, sun exposure, or genetics. This procedure can create more symmetrical and balanced facial features, add volume to the cheeks, or enhance the cheekbones. There are several cheek augmentation methods, including dermal fillers, fat transfer, and cheek implants. The procedure is typically done under local or general anesthesia, and recovery time varies depending on the method used.
Chin surgery, also known as genioplasty or mentoplasty, is a surgical procedure that alters the shape, size, and position of the chin. The surgery can be performed to enhance the chin's appearance, correct a congenital deformity, or restore facial symmetry. The procedure can be done using various techniques, including implants, bone reduction, or a combination of both. The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and usually takes one to two hours to complete. Recovery time varies depending on the technique used. However, most patients can return to normal activities within a week or two. Chin surgery can have a significant impact on a person's appearance and can help to boost self-confidence.
Buccal Fat Removal
Buccal fat removal, also known as cheek reduction, buccal fat pad excision, or bichectomy, is the surgical procedure in which the buccal fat is removed, resulting in a youthful and aesthetically appealing appearance while achieving harmony in facial contour. The ideal candidate for surgery is the one with a strong zygomatic bone (cheek bone) hidden by prominent cheeks that cause excess facial roundness and a heavy-looking face. Following the excision of the fat pad, the volume of the lowest third of the face is reduced, the cheeks become hollow, and the zygomatic arch is accentuated. The surgery results may be observed between 4 and 6 months after the swelling subsides.
Fat Transfer Breast Augmentation
An approach to breast enlargement, a fat transfer breast augmentation is a cosmetic method. This process will use liposuction to collect fat cells from other areas of the body, like the stomach, hips, thighs, back, or arms. When this is done, the donor areas will appear leaner, while the breasts will be firm and larger. During the procedure, the fat cells that have been taken out of the donor sites are purified and then inserted into the breasts, where they will stay permanently. Fat transfer breast augmentation carries fewer risks than using breast implants to enlarge the breasts because it is a natural way of achieving the desired augmentation, with long-term results.
Rhytidectomy, commonly referred to as a facelift, is a medical procedure designed to improve the looks of the face by pulling the skin and tissues beneath it tighter, as well as repositioning them. This operation ordinarily focuses on the lower part of the face and neck, and usually requires incisions in the area of the ears and underneath the chin. Depending on the individual's needs and the methods employed by the doctor, the procedure may also involve eliminating any surplus skin and fat, and firming up the deeper tissues to increase the overall structure of the face. It may take up to several weeks for the patient to get back to their daily activities after the surgery.
Dermal fillers are injectable soft tissue fillers that help diminish wrinkles and volumize facial tissues. Dermal fillers are widely used injectable treatments that make cosmetic improvements to the face for a better and young-looking face. Various brands offer dermal fillers with more or less the same results — restoring lost volume. As we age, our facial tissues lose subcutaneous fat resulting in loose skin, more prominent smile lines, and crow's feet. Other factors that contribute to the wrinkling of the skin include genes, sun exposure, and lifestyle. Plastic surgeons and cosmetologists use Hyaluronic Acid (a naturally occurring substance in our bodies) dermal fillers, which makes absorption into the skin easier.
Mastopexy, or breast lift, is a cosmetic surgery that lifts breasts that have begun to sag over time for a selection of reasons. These may include age, pregnancy, nursing, heredity, gravity, or weight loss. The mastopexy is not meant to change the size of the breasts but is commonly conducted with augmentation (implants) or reduction surgeries to alter the size. Immediately after the surgery, the breasts will appear firmer, younger, and have a perkier shape.
Due to significant weight loss, skin becomes lax and loses its elasticity. Body contouring, also known as body sculpting, helps remove sagging skin and fat pockets from the underlying tissues and regain skin elasticity. Body contouring results in a body that is fine-tuned and well-proportioned. Surgical body contouring consists of various procedures, like arm lift, breast lift, facelift, lower body lift, circumferential body lift (belt procedure), medial thigh lift, and tummy tuck. Non-surgical body contouring consists of lipolysis that uses old, heat, lasers, radio frequency, and other methods. Surgical procedures are risky and have more downtime, but the results are far more noticeable than the non-surgical methods.
Facial implants are surgical devices that enhance and augment the natural contours of the cheek, chin, and jaw. They are typically made from materials like silicone, which are biocompatible and safe for long-term use. Facial implants enhance the face's natural contours, providing a more balanced and aesthetically pleasing appearance. Facial implants also restore facial shape after trauma or disease (such as cancer). The procedure is typically performed under general anesthesia or intravenous sedation and takes about one to two hours. The procedure is crafted to the patient's unique needs. After the procedure, patients may experience some swelling and discomfort, but this typically resolves within a few days.
Breast Implant Removal
Breast implant removal, also called explant surgery, is a surgical procedure to remove implants (silicone or saline) or any scar tissue formed around the implant in patients who have had breast augmentation or breast reconstruction. The average life of an implant is 10 to 15 years. A few women have tissue hardening around the implant, and a few want to remove the older implant to replace it with a new one, whereas a few no longer want an implant. Sometimes implant removal is an emergency condition due to breast implant complications.
A breast reduction surgery, also called reduction mammaplasty, reduces the breast size by removing excess fat, glandular tissues, and skin to achieve a breast size proportionate to the rest of the body and relieve discomfort caused by overly heavy breasts. Generally, patients undergo breast reduction surgery for medical concerns (macromastia — abnormal enlargement of breast tissues). However, patients who don't suffer from macromastia can also consider pursuing breast reduction for aesthetic reasons. Women who get a breast reduction for aesthetic concerns cite several reasons like social stigma, negative self-image, or difficulty fitting into clothes.