An enlargement of breast tissue in males, known as gynecomastia, is the most customary chest disorder in males. At least 30% of males will experience it during their life. Acknowledging the worries, apprehension of malignancy, and psychosocial issues it may cause, early diagnosis is essential, and people often seek medical attention. When medical techniques are not helpful, particularly in cases that have been present for a long time or if the gynecomastia hinders with the patient's day-to-day activities, or if there is a possibility of cancer, then surgery is explored.
Surgical treatment of excess breasts in men includes the removal of glandular tissue coupled with liposuction, if needed, preferably with an individualized approach. The surgical treatment of gynecomastia is performed for two reasons:
reconstruction of the male chest contour
histological clarification of potentially harmful breast lesions
Causes of gynecomastia are classified as either physiological or pathological, although no specific cause can be found in many cases. In true gynecomastia, the increase in the breast size is due to glandular breast tissue; in pseudo gynecomastia, the breast enlargement is due to fat accumulation; mixed gynecomastia is due to both glandular and fat tissues.
The common indication for surgery includes the patient's age, consistency, grade, and the presence of unilateral or bilateral breast development. Usually, before surgical intervention, the gynecomastia patient should undergo a complete history, physical exam, and relevant laboratory tests to determine the underlying caus